Competition between liquid and solid states in two-dimensional electron systems is an intriguing problem in condensed matter physics. We have investigated competing Wigner crystal and fractional quantum Hall (FQH) liquid phases in atomically thin suspended graphene devices in Corbino geometry. Lowerature magnetoconductance and transconductance measurements along with IV characteristics all indicate strong charge density dependent modulation of electron transport. Our results show unconventional FQH phases which do not fit the standard Jain's series for conventional FQH states, instead they appear to originate from residual interactions of composite fermions in partially filled Landau levels. Also at very low charge density with filling factors ν ≲, 1/5ν 1 -5, electrons crystallize into an ordered Wigner solid which eventually transforms into an incompressible Hall liquid at filling factors around ν ≤ 1/7. Building on the unique Corbino sample structure, our experiments pave the way for enhanced understanding of the ordered phases of interacting electrons.
Thanniyil Sebastian, A., Kaikkonen, J., Kamada, M., Manninen, J., Tan, Z., Will, M., Todoshchenko, I., Hakonen, P., Zavyalov, V., Sergeicheva, E., Song, X., Tong, F., Kumar, M., Hüttel, A., Korhonen, K. & Haque, M.
05/11/2015 → 31/08/2021
Projekti: EU: ERC grants