High-purity semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (s-SWCNTs) are of paramount significance for the fabrication of high-performance electronics. Here, we present continuous production of high-purity, long, and isolated s-SWCNTs by gas-phase synthesis, retaining the pristine morphologies of as-synthesized nanotubes. The s-SWCNTs were synthesized at ca. 920 °C using ethanol and methanol as carbon source and growth enhancer, respectively in N2 and H2. The purity of as-produced s-SWCNTs with a mean length of 15.2 μm can reach 98% as determined by optical absorption spectroscopy. We observed that the overpressure in the reactor and methanol are the principal causes of the enrichment of s-SWCNTs. Specifically, the s-SWCNTs were found to be more negatively charged, and oxygen-contained species play critical roles in the s-SWCNT synthesis. Through the demonstration of field-effect transistors, the s-SWCNTs exhibit a high mean charge carrier mobility of 453.3 cm2 V−1 s−1 which is 2.27 times higher than that of the transistors fabricated with high-quality dispersion-processed SWCNTs. Additionally, we discuss the challenges of synthesis repeatability and recommend a few tips to improve reproducibility. Our study represents an important step towards the scalable production of clean, long, and isolated s-SWCNTs with high purity and narrow bandgap distribution.
SormenjälkiSukella tutkimusaiheisiin 'Towards the synthesis of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes by floating-catalyst chemical vapor deposition: Challenges of reproducibility'. Ne muodostavat yhdessä ainutlaatuisen sormenjäljen.
- 5 Päättynyt
01/09/2018 → 31/08/2022
Projekti: Academy of Finland: Other research funding
FEDOC: Fast electrochemical detection of opioids in blood sample by carbon nano hybrid electrodes – FEDOC
01/06/2016 → 31/12/2018
Projekti: Business Finland: Other research funding