The Planet's Stressed River Basins : Too Much Pressure or Too Little Adaptive Capacity?

Olli Varis*, Maija Taka, Matti Kummu

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

1 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
32 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Freshwater is one of the most critical elements for sustainable development of ecosystems and societies. River basins, concomitant with administrative zones, form a common unit for freshwater management. So far, no comprehensive, global analysis exists that would link the ecological challenges of the planet's river basins to the capacity of the societies to cope with them. We address this gap by performing a geospatial resilience analysis for a global set of 541 river basins. We use the social-ecological systems approach by relating three ecological vulnerability factors (human footprint, natural hazards, and water scarcity) with three adaptive capacity factors (governance, economy, and human development), based on temporal trajectories from 1990 to 2015. Additionally, we examine resilience by subtracting ecological vulnerability from adaptive capacity. The most striking result is the fundamentally different patterns of controlling factors of the resilience in different developing regions, particularly those of Africa and Asia. Their root causes are particularly low adaptive capacity in Africa and high ecological vulnerability in Asia. Alarmingly, the difference between those continents grew within the study period. Finally, this study highlights the rapid dynamics of adaptive capacity in comparison to ecological vulnerability, the latter having more inertia. Their fragile balance is of our interest; they can either support or counteract each other depending on the geographic location.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut1118-1135
Sivumäärä18
JulkaisuEarth's Future
Vuosikerta7
Numero10
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä27 elokuuta 2019
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 lokakuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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  • Tietoaineistot

    Projektit

    • 2 Päättynyt

    WASCO: Globaali vesipula-atlas: resurssipulan syiden, seurausten ja mahdollisuuksien ymmärtäminen

    Guillaume, J., Kummu, M. & Munia, H.

    01/10/201631/10/2018

    Projekti: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

    Failandiasta Winlandiaan

    Varis, O., Niva, V., Sojamo, S., Keskinen, M., Jalava, M., Lehikoinen, E. & Porkka, M.

    01/04/201631/12/2019

    Projekti: Academy of Finland: Strategic research funding

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