This chapter addresses the need for hybrid magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems. The importance of combining MEG with MRI was realized early. The most important benefit of MEG over the widely available electroencephalography (EEG) is its ability to locate brain activity. To relate the location coordinates to individual anatomy, structural MRI is needed. In addition, structural MRI can help constrain the estimated source currents to the cortex, making the three-dimensional source volume a two-dimensional layer. Later, after the invention of functional MRI (fMRI), it was realized that the new kind of data could be used as additional information to help solve the MEG inverse problem. Thus, structural MRI benefits MEG data interpretation in three main ways: first, MEG localization results can be displayed on top of anatomical images; second, one obtains geometrical information for the analysis of the inverse problem, for example, in beamforming; third, a priori information regarding source locations will be more accurate. Since MEG and MRI are normally done separately, the two data sets have to be combined. This requires co-registration of the MEG and MRI coordinate systems.
|Otsikko||Fifty Years of Magnetoencephalography: Beginnings, Technical Advances, and Applications|
|Toimittajat||Andrew Papanicolaou, Timothy Roberts, James Wheless|
|Kustantaja||Oxford University Press|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2020|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A3 Kirjan osa tai toinen tutkimuskirja|