Copper and iron are known to be effective alternative reducing agents to H2O2 in Li-ion battery leaching. The aim of this work is to study the effect of added H2O2 on its overconsumption to the side reactions such as oxidation of copper, iron, and aluminum in leaching of NMC 111 active material. The interactions between the reducing agents separately were first investigated (T = 30 °C, [H2SO4] = 2 M, t = 120 min). Elemental copper was found to be a less efficient reducing agent (78%) compared to aluminum (100%) in terms of Fe3+ reduced to Fe2+. Nevertheless, copper exhibited much higher rate of iron reduction than aluminum. Additionally, aqueous copper ions were found to cement on aluminum surface and redissolve in the presence of iron, thus acting as the metallic reducing agent. In contrast, in the presence of H2O2 ferrous iron and copper were rapidly oxidized resulting in the consumption of all reducing agents. These effects were confirmed also during the leaching of NMC (T = 30 °C, [H2SO4] = 1.5 M, t = 120 min), which demonstrated that the leaching efficiency markedly decreased (∼63%) in the presence of H2O2 and Cu when compared to H2O2 alone (∼78%). Furthermore, results from NMC leaching showed that when copper-iron reductant or H2O2 were added separately, a much higher leaching efficiency was achieved (∼66% and ∼78%, respectively) in contrast to being added together (∼58%).
|Julkaisu||Separation and Purification Technology|
|Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä||9 lokak. 2021|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 15 tammik. 2022|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|
SormenjälkiSukella tutkimusaiheisiin 'The interference of copper, iron and aluminum with hydrogen peroxide and its effects on reductive leaching of LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2'. Ne muodostavat yhdessä ainutlaatuisen sormenjäljen.
01/05/2021 → 30/04/2024
Projekti: Business Finland: Strategic centres for science, technology and innovation (SHOK)
- 1 Kutsuttu akateeminen esitelmä
Ben Wilson (Puhuja)18 toukok. 2022
Aktiviteetti: Kutsuttu akateeminen esitelmäTiedosto