The environmental price of fast fashion

Kirsi Niinimäki, Greg Peters, Helena Dahlbo, Patsy Perry, Timo Rissanen, Alison Gwilt

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliReview ArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

The fashion industry is the second largest industrial polluter after aviation, accounting for up to 10% of global pollution. Despite the widely publicized environmental impacts, however, the industry continues to grow, in part due to the rise of fast fashion, which relies on cheap manufacturing, frequent consumption and short-lived garment use. In this Review, we identify the environmental impacts at critical points in the textile and fashion value chain, from production to consumption, focusing on water use, chemical pollution, CO2 emissions and textile waste. Impacts from the fashion industry include over 92 million tonnes of waste produced per year and 1.5 trillion litres of water consumed. On the basis of these environmental impacts, we outline the need for fundamental changes in the fashion business model, including a deceleration of manufacturing and the introduction of sustainable practices throughout the supply chain, as well a shift in consumer behaviour — namely, decreasing clothing purchases and increasing garment lifetimes. These changes stress the need for an urgent transition back to ‘slow’ fashion, minimizing and mitigating the detrimental environmental impacts, so as to improve the long-term sustainability of the fashion supply chain.
AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut189-200
Sivumäärä11
JulkaisuNature Review; Earth and Environment
Vuosikerta1
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 7 huhtikuuta 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA2 Arvio tiedejulkaisuussa (artikkeli)

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  • Siteeraa tätä

    Niinimäki, K., Peters, G., Dahlbo, H., Perry, P., Rissanen, T., & Gwilt, A. (2020). The environmental price of fast fashion. Nature Review; Earth and Environment, 1, 189-200. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-020-0039-9