Sputtered Mo66Re34 SQUID-on-Tip for High-Field Magnetic and Thermal Nanoimaging
- Weizmann Institute of Science
- University of Colorado Denver
Scanning nanoscale superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are gaining interest as highly sensitive microscopic magnetic and thermal characterization tools of quantum and topological states of matter and devices. We introduce a technique of collimated differential-pressure magnetron sputtering for versatile self-aligned fabrication of SQUID-on-tip (SOT) nanodevices, which cannot be produced by conventional sputtering methods due to their diffusive, rather than the required directional point source, deposition. The technique provides access to a broad range of superconducting materials and alloys beyond the elemental superconductors employed in the existing thermal deposition methods, opening the route to greatly enhanced SOT characteristics and functionalities. Utilizing this method, we have developed molybdenum-rhenium (Mo66Re34) SOT devices with sub-50-nm diameter, magnetic flux sensitivity of 1.2 μφ0/Hz1/2 up to 3 T at 4.2 K, and thermal sensitivity better than 4 μK/Hz1/2 up to 5 T-about five times higher than any previous report-paving the way to nanoscale imaging of magnetic and spintronic phenomena and of dissipation mechanisms in previously inaccessible quantum states of matter.
|Julkaisu||Physical Review Applied|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 28 lokakuuta 2019|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|