Soft cationic core/shell cellulose nanospheres can deform and interpenetrate allowing their self-assembly into densely packed colloidal nanogel layers. Taking advantage of their water-swelling capacity and molecular accessibility, the nanogels are proposed as a new and promising type of coating material to immobilize bioactive molecules on thin films and paper. The specific and nonspecific interactions between the cellulosic nanogel and human immunoglobulin G as well as bovine serum albumin (BSA) are investigated. Confocal microscopy, electroacoustic microgravimetry, and surface plasmon resonance are used to access information about the adsorption behavior and viscoelastic properties of self-assembled nanogels. A significant BSA adsorption capacity on nanogel layers (17 mg m−2) is measured, 300% higher compared to typical polymer coatings. This high protein affinity further confirms the promise of the introduced colloidal gel layer, in increasing sensitivity and advancing a new generation of substrates for a variety of applications, including immunoassays, as demonstrated in this work.
BioELCell: Bioproducts Engineered from Lignocelluloses: from plants and upcycling to next generation materials
30/07/2018 → 31/07/2023
Projekti: EU: ERC grants
01/05/2018 → 30/04/2022
Projekti: Academy of Finland: Other research funding