Remarkable ionic conductivity and catalytic activity in ceramic nanocomposite fuel cells

M. I. Asghar*, S. Jouttijärvi, R. Jokiranta, P. D. Lund

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

9 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

Abstrakti

Although ceramic nanocomposite fuel cells (CNFCs) have attracted the attention of the fuel cell community due to their low operating temperature (<600 °C), often the performance of the cells is limited due to the low ionic conductivity of the electrolyte and the sluggish reaction kinetics at the electrodes. This results in high ohmic and charge transfer losses in the cell performance. Here we report nanocomposite electrolyte (GDC-NLC) and electrodes (NiO-GDC-NLC and LSCF-GDC-NLC as anode and cathode respectively) with enhanced ionic conductivity and catalytic activity respectively, which significantly improve the ionic transport in the electrolyte layer (ohmic losses ≈ 0.23 Ω cm2) and the reaction kinetics at the electrodes (polarization losses ≈ 0.63 Ω cm2). Microstructural and phase changes in the materials were characterized with X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry to understand the mechanisms in the cells. Our button fuel cell produced an outstanding performance of 1.02 W/cm2 at 550 °C.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut12892-12899
JulkaisuInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Vuosikerta43
Numero28
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä1 tammikuuta 2018
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - heinäkuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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