Radio and γ-Ray Variability in Blazar S5 0716+714: A Year-like Quasi-periodic Oscillation in the Radio Light Curve

Xiao Pan Li*, Hai Yan Yang, Yan Cai, Anne Lähteenmäki, Merja Tornikoski, Joni Tammi, Sofia Suutarinen, Hai Tao Yang, Yu Hui Luo, Li Sha Wang

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

6 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
71 Lataukset (Pure)


The nearly 33 yr long-term radio light curve obtained with the Metsähovi Radio Observatory 14 m telescope at 37 GHz and the recent 12.7 yr γ-ray light curve of the blazar S5 0716+714 at 0.1-300 GeV from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) were analyzed by using the Lomb-Scargle periodogram and the weighted wavelet Z-transform techniques. In the radio light curve, we discovered a possible quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) signal of about 352 ± 23 days at a confidence level of ∼3σ. We recalculated the periodicity and its significance in a chosen time range that has higher variability and denser sampling, and then found that the significance had increased to a confidence level of 99.996% (∼4.1σ). This QPO component was further confirmed by fitting a linear autoregressive integrated moving average model to the selected radio light curve. A possible QPO of 960 ± 80 days at a 99.35% level (∼2.7σ) was found in the γ-ray light curve, which generally agrees with the earlier QPO claims of S5 0716+714. This paper discusses possible mechanisms for this potential year-like QPO. One possibility is a pure geometrical scenario with blobs moving helically inside the jet. Another is a supermassive binary black hole involving a gravitational wave-driven regime. In the latter scenario, we derived a milliparsec separation in the binary system that undergoes coalescence within a century due to the emission of low-frequency gravitational waves.

JulkaisuAstrophysical Journal
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 helmik. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä


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