Quantum state preparation using tensor networks

Ar A. Melnikov, A. A. Termanova, S. V. Dolgov, F. Neukart, M. R. Perelshtein*

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

6 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
161 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Quantum state preparation is a vital routine in many quantum algorithms, including solution of linear systems of equations, Monte Carlo simulations, quantum sampling, and machine learning. However, to date, there is no established framework of encoding classical data into gate-based quantum devices. In this work, we propose a method for the encoding of vectors obtained by sampling analytical functions into quantum circuits that features polynomial runtime with respect to the number of qubits and provides > 99.9 % accuracy, which is better than a state-of-the-art two-qubit gate fidelity. We employ hardware-efficient variational quantum circuits, which are simulated using tensor networks, and matrix product state representation of vectors. In order to tune variational gates, we utilize Riemannian optimization incorporating auto-gradient calculation. Besides, we propose a ‘cut once, measure twice’ method, which allows us to avoid barren plateaus during gates’ update, benchmarking it up to 100-qubit circuits. Remarkably, any vectors that feature low-rank structure—not limited by analytical functions—can be encoded using the presented approach. Our method can be easily implemented on modern quantum hardware, and facilitates the use of the hybrid-quantum computing architectures.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli035027
Sivut1-12
Sivumäärä12
JulkaisuQuantum Science and Technology
Vuosikerta8
Numero3
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - heinäk. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

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