Profit shifting of multinational enterprises: evidence from the Nordics

Tutkimustuotos: TyöpaperiWorking paperScientific


This paper studies how Nordic multinational enterprises (MNEs) react to tax incentives generated by international corporate income tax rate differences and shift profit to low tax countries. A firm level panel data set containing ownership and accounting information is used to study profit shifting within the time period of 2012-2017. Applying a panel data adjusted Hines-Rice approach including firm and year fixed effects results in statistically significant tax semi-elasticity estimates between -0.7 to -1.3. The results are confirmed by several robustness checks as well as by applying the newest methods in two-way fixed effects literature. This suggests that MNEs with ultimate owners located in the Nordic countries seem to react to tax rate differences by shifting profit. Additionally, the MNEs within the euro area seem to engage more heavily in profit shifting.
KustantajaValtion taloudellinen tutkimuskeskus (VATT)
TilaJulkaistu - 16 toukok. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiD4 Julkaistu kehittämis- tai tutkimusraportti taikka -selvitys


NimiVATT working papers
ISSN (painettu)1798-0283
ISSN (elektroninen)1798-0291


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