Background: Two concerns with respect to pre-operative task-based motor functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in patients with brain tumours are inadequate performance due to patients' impaired motor function and head motion artefacts. New method: In the present study we validate the use of a stimulator based on a pneumatic artificial muscle (PAM) for fMRI mapping of the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex in twenty patients with rolandic or perirolandic brain tumours. All patients underwent both active and passive motor block-design fMRI paradigms, performing comparable active and passive PAM-induced flexion-extensions of the icontralesional index finger. Results: PAM-induced movements resulted in a significant BOLD signal increase in contralateral primary motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1) cortices in 18/20 and 19/20 (p<.05 FWE corrected in 16/18 and 18/19) patients, versus 18/20 and 16/20 (p<.05 FWE corrected) during active movements. The two patients in whom the PAM-based stimulator failed to induce any significant BOLD signal change in the contralateral M1 cortex differed from the two in whom active motion was conversely ineffective. At the group level, no significant difference in contrast magnitude was observed within the contralateral SM1 cortex when comparing active with passive movements. During passive movements, head motion was significantly reduced. Comparison with existing method(s) As compared to the several robotic devices for passive motion that were introduced in the past decades, our PAM-based stimulator appears smaller, handier, and easier to use. Conclusion: The use of PAM-based stimulators should be included in routine pre-operative fMRI protocols along with active paradigms in such patients' population.
|Julkaisu||Journal of Neuroscience Methods|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 15 heinäk. 2021|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|
SormenjälkiSukella tutkimusaiheisiin 'Pneumatic artificial muscle-based stimulator for passive functional magnetic resonance imaging sensorimotor mapping in patients with brain tumours'. Ne muodostavat yhdessä ainutlaatuisen sormenjäljen.
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Veikko Jousmäki (Manager)Perustieteiden korkeakoulu