TY - JOUR
T1 - Photon counting statistics of a microwave cavity
AU - Brange, Fredrik
AU - Menczel, Paul
AU - Flindt, Christian
PY - 2019/2/14
Y1 - 2019/2/14
N2 - The development of microwave photon detectors is paving the way for a wide range of quantum technologies and fundamental discoveries involving single photons. Here, we investigate the photon emission from a microwave cavity and find that distribution of photon waiting times contains information about few-photon processes, which cannot easily be extracted from standard correlation measurements. The factorial cumulants of the photon counting statistics are positive at all times, which may be intimately linked with the bosonic quantum nature of the photons. We obtain a simple expression for the rare fluctuations of the photon current, which is helpful in understanding earlier results on heat-transport statistics and measurements of work distributions. Under nonequilibrium conditions, where a small temperature gradient drives a heat current through the cavity, we formulate a fluctuation-dissipation relation for the heat noise spectra. Our work suggests a number of experiments for the near future and it offers theoretical questions for further investigation.
AB - The development of microwave photon detectors is paving the way for a wide range of quantum technologies and fundamental discoveries involving single photons. Here, we investigate the photon emission from a microwave cavity and find that distribution of photon waiting times contains information about few-photon processes, which cannot easily be extracted from standard correlation measurements. The factorial cumulants of the photon counting statistics are positive at all times, which may be intimately linked with the bosonic quantum nature of the photons. We obtain a simple expression for the rare fluctuations of the photon current, which is helpful in understanding earlier results on heat-transport statistics and measurements of work distributions. Under nonequilibrium conditions, where a small temperature gradient drives a heat current through the cavity, we formulate a fluctuation-dissipation relation for the heat noise spectra. Our work suggests a number of experiments for the near future and it offers theoretical questions for further investigation.
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061958821&partnerID=8YFLogxK
U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.085418
DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.085418
M3 - Article
VL - 99
SP - 1
EP - 14
JO - Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
JF - Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
SN - 2469-9950
IS - 8
M1 - 085418
ER -