Phase perception of the glottal excitation and its relevance in statistical parametric speech synthesis

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

  • University of Helsinki

Kuvaus

While the characteristics of the amplitude spectrum of the voiced excitation have been studied widely both in natural and synthetic speech, the role of the excitation phase has remained less explored. This contradicts findings observed in sound perception studies indicating that humans are not phase deaf. Especially in speech synthesis, phase information is often omitted for simplicity. This study investigates the impact of phase information of the excitation signal of voiced speech and its relevance in statistical parametric speech synthesis. The experiments in the study involve, firstly, converting the pitch-synchronously computed original phase spectra of the excitation waveforms (either glottal flow waveforms or residuals) to either zero phase, cyclostationary random phase, or random phase. Secondly, the quality of synthetic speech in each case is compared in subjective listening tests to the corresponding signal excited with the original, natural phase. Experiments are conducted with natural, vocoded, and synthetic speech using voice material from various speakers with varying speaking styles, such as breathy, normal, and Lombard speech. The results indicate that the phase spectrum of the voiced excitation has a perceptually relevant effect in natural, vocoded, and synthetic speech, and utilizing the phase information in speech synthesis leads to improved speech quality.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut104–119
JulkaisuSpeech Communication
Vuosikerta81
TilaJulkaistu - kesäkuuta 2016
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

ID: 4350199