IMPORTANCE Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer has resulted in a slight reduction in prostate cancer mortality but also a concomitant overdiagnosis of low-risk tumors. Prostate-specific antigen levels are affected by use of cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, but the association of statin use with PSA screening performance is unknown.
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether statin use was associated with outcomes of a randomized PSA-based prostate cancer screening intervention.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This post hoc subgroup analysis of a cohort from a population-based randomized clinical trial used data from the population-based Finnish Randomized Study of Prostate Cancer Screening, which randomized men to PSA screening or routine care from March 1, 1996, to December 31, 1999, with follow-up continuing until December 31, 2015. The population included all men aged 55 to 67 years at baseline and residing in the Tampere or Helsinki districts of Finland. Information on statin purchases from 1996 to 2009 was obtained from a national prescription registry. Eligible men were identified from the population registry of Finland. Prevalent prostate cancer cases at baseline were excluded. Data were analyzed from January 1, 2019 to March 31, 2021.
INTERVENTIONS Three invitations for PSA screening at 4-year intervals from 1996 to 2007 vs routine care.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Risk for prostate cancer overall, high-risk disease, and prostate cancer mortality in the screening group vs the control group as an intention-to-treat analysis. The analysis was stratified by statin use.
RESULTS The study comprised 78 606 men (median age, 59 years [range. 55-67 years]) with statin purchase data available. Although PSA screening was associated with increased prostate cancer incidence among statin nonusers (screening vs control, 11.2 vs 8.6 per 1000 person-years); rate ratio [RR], 1.31; 95% CI, 1.24-1.38), no similar increase in incidence was observed among statin users (6.9 vs 5.9 per 1000 person-years; RR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.95-1.10; P < .001 for interaction). Incidence of low-risk (Gleason score 6) and localized tumors was lower among statin users, whereas detection of tumors with a Gleason score of 8 to 10 was similar. Screening was associated with a lower incidence of metastatic tumors regardless of statin use.
CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE In this post hoc subgroup analysis of a cohort from a population-based randomized clinical trial, PSA screening among statin users was associated with a decreased incidence of advanced prostate cancer that was similar among statin nonusers, but with less increase in detection of low-grade localized tumors in statin users than in nonusers. These findings suggest that statin use does not materially compromise benefits of PSA-based screening.
|Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä||24 marrask. 2021|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - tammik. 2022|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä|