Numerical assessment of wall modelling approaches in scale-resolving in-cylinder simulations

Karri Keskinen*, Jann Koch, Yuri M. Wright, Martin Schmitt, Mika Nuutinen, Ossi Kaario, Ville Vuorinen, Martti Larmi, Konstantinos Boulouchos

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

6 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
100 Lataukset (Pure)


Wall modelling in internal combustion engines (ICEs) is a challenging task due to highly specific boundary layers and a dynamically changing flow environment. Recent experimental (Jainski et al., 2013, Renaud et al., 2018) and direct numerical simulation (DNS, Schmitt et al., 2015a) studies demonstrate that scaled near-wall velocity and temperature profiles in ICEs deviate considerably from the law of the wall. Utilising the DNS data, the present paper focusses on benchmarking a scale-resolving approach with a 1-D non-equilibrium wall model (HLR-WT, Keskinen et al., 2017) in ICE-like flows. Specific emphasis is put on the compression stroke using different grids and two additional wall-modelled large eddy simulation (WMLES) reference approaches. The standard wall law based WMLES-1 produces highly grid-dependent underprediction of wall fluxes, to which WMLES-2 (Plensgaard and Rutland, 2013) and HLR-WT, employing engine-targeted wall treatments, yield considerable improvement. Differences between the improved methods are noted in detailed metrics. Throughout the compression stroke, HLR-WT provides a good match to the DNS in scaled mean boundary layer profiles for both velocity and temperature. With relevance to local heat flux distribution, the characteristic impingement-ejection process observed in the DNS is qualitatively replicated with WMLES-2 and HLR-WT. The non-equilibrium formulation of the latter allows for slight improvements in terms of local heat transfer fluctuation predictions. In contrast, coarse near-wall grids appear to be detrimental for such predictions with all approaches. The study provides evidence on the potential of the HLR-WT and WMLES-2 approaches in ICE near-wall flow prediction, advocating further investigations in more realistic engine configurations.

JulkaisuInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 jouluk. 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu


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