Multisource point clouds, point simplification and surface reconstruction

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

  • Finnish Geospatial Research Institute
  • University of Turku

Kuvaus

As data acquisition technology continues to advance, the improvement and upgrade of the algorithms for surface reconstruction are required. In this paper, we utilized multiple terrestrial Light Detection And Ranging (Lidar) systems to acquire point clouds with different levels of complexity, namely dynamic and rigid targets for surface reconstruction. We propose a robust and effective method to obtain simplified and uniform resample points for surface reconstruction. The method was evaluated. A point reduction of up to 99.371% with a standard deviation of 0.2 cm was achieved. In addition, well-known surface reconstruction methods, i.e., Alpha shapes, Screened Poisson reconstruction (SPR), the Crust, and Algebraic point set surfaces (APSS Marching Cubes), were utilized for object reconstruction. We evaluated the benefits in exploiting simplified and uniform points, as well as different density points, for surface reconstruction. These reconstruction methods and their capacities in handling data imperfections were analyzed and discussed. The findings are that i) the capacity of surface reconstruction in dealing with diverse objects needs to be improved; ii) when the number of points reaches the level of millions (e.g., approximately five million points in our data), point simplification is necessary, as otherwise, the reconstruction methods might fail; iii) for some reconstruction methods, the number of input points is proportional to the number of output meshes; but a few methods are in the opposite; iv) all reconstruction methods are beneficial from the reduction of running time; and v) a balance between the geometric details and the level of smoothing is needed. Some methods produce detailed and accurate geometry, but their capacity to deal with data imperfection is poor, while some other methods exhibit the opposite characteristics.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli2659
JulkaisuRemote Sensing
Vuosikerta11
Numero22
TilaJulkaistu - 13 marraskuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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