Multi-angular reflectance spectra of small single trees

Petri R. Forsström*, Aarne Hovi, Giulia Ghielmetti, Michael E. Schaepman, Miina Rautiainen

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

6 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
78 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Understanding the reflectance anisotropy of forests and the underlying scattering mechanisms is needed to improve the accuracy of retrievals of fundamental forest characteristics from optical remote sensing data. In this paper, we developed a laboratory measurement set-up for a large goniometer (LAGOS) and measured multi-angular spectra (350–2500 nm) of 18 small trees, composed of three common European tree species: Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst), sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.). For all trees, we measured tree spectra in 47 view angles in the upper hemisphere. To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting multi-angular reflectance spectra of single trees. We also measured the reflectance and transmittance spectra of needles and leaves, as well as reflectance spectra of bark of the sample trees. We analyzed the spectro-directional characteristics of the trees, and the inter- and intraspecific variations of these characteristics. The anisotropy of trees was shown to be strongly asymmetrical and characteristic to species: while pine and spruce exhibited strong hotspot effects, oak showed a strong specular component. Our results indicate that simultaneous measurements of both spectral and directional characteristics of trees may enhance the discrimination of species and thus, support the retrieval of information of their biophysical properties.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli112302
Sivumäärä14
JulkaisuRemote Sensing of Environment
Vuosikerta255
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 15 maalisk. 2021
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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