Melinacidin-producing acrostalagmus luteoalbus, a major constituent of mixed mycobiota contaminating insulation material in an outdoor wall

Maria A. Andersson*, Johanna Salo, Raimo Mikkola, Tamás Marik, László Kredics, Jarek Kurnitski, Heidi Salonen

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

45 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Occupants may complain about indoor air quality in closed spaces where the officially approved standard methods for indoor air quality risk assessment fail to reveal the cause of the problem. This study describes a rare genus not previously detected in Finnish buildings, Acrostalagmus, and its species A. luteoalbus as the major constituents of the mixed microbiota in the wet cork liner from an outdoor wall. Representatives of the genus were also present in the settled dust in offices where occupants suffered from symptoms related to the indoor air. One strain, POB8, was identified as A. luteoalbus by ITS sequencing. The strain produced the immunosuppressive and cytotoxic melinacidins II, III, and IV, as evidenced by mass spectrometry analysis. In addition, the classical toxigenic species indicating water damage, mycoparasitic Trichoderma, Aspergillus section Versicolores, Aspergillus section Circumdati, Aspergillus section Nigri, and Chaetomium spp., were detected in the wet outdoor wall and settled dust from the problematic rooms. The offices exhibited no visible signs of microbial growth, and the airborne load of microbial conidia was too low to explain the reported symptoms. In conclusion, we suggest the possible migration of microbial bioactive metabolites from the wet outdoor wall into indoor spaces as a plausible explanation for the reported complaints.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli843
Sivumäärä24
JulkaisuPathogens
Vuosikerta10
Numero7
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - heinäk. 2021
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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