Manufacture, observation, and test of membranes with locatable single pores

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkeli


  • R. E. Packard
  • J.P. Pekola

  • P. B. Price
  • R. N R Spohr
  • K. H. Westmacott
  • Zhu Yu-Qun


  • University of California at Berkeley
  • GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology


A method for generating single pores down to 0.1 μm diameter in the center of a large circular foil is described, based on nuclear tracks. The foil is framed by a tension ring which enables one to handle the foils in a well-defined precise way. The single pore has a lateral displacement of ±0.1 mm with respect to the tension ring center. The foils used are polycarbonate of the type Makrofol and have thicknesses between 2 and 10 μm. For calibration of the single pore diameters, multiple nuclear tracks between 0.1 and 3.5 μm diameter are etched and observed by microscopy. The microscopic observations are compared with gas-flow measurements, using two alternative methods: multiple holes are tested under viscous flow conditions of N2 gas at normal temperature and pressure; single holes are tested under collisionless flow conditions of 4He gas at liquid-nitrogen temperature, using a capacitance method.


JulkaisuReview of Scientific Instruments
TilaJulkaistu - 1986
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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