Three pilot-scale bioreactors were started up and operated under salinity-amended urban wastewater feeding. The bioreactors were configured as membrane bioreactor and two different hybrid, moving bed biofilm reactor-membrane bioreactor and operated with a hydraulic retention time of 9.5 h, a solid residence time of 11.75 days and a total solids concentration of 2500 mg L-1. The three systems showed excellent performance in suspended solids, BOD5, and COD removal (values of 96-100%, 97-99%, and 88-90%, respectively), but poor nitrogen removal (values of 20-30%). The bacterial community structure during the start-up phase and the stabilization phase were different, as showed by β-diversity analyses. The differences between aerobic and anoxic biomass-and between suspended and attached biomass-were higher at the start-up phase than at the stabilization phase. The start-up phase showed high abundances of Chiayiivirga (mean values around 3-12% relative abundance) and Luteimonas (5-8%), but in the stabilization phase, the domination belonged to Thermomonas (3-14%), Nitrobacter (3-7%), Ottowia (3-11.5%), and Comamonas (2-6%), among others. Multivariate redundancy analyses showed that Thermomonas and Nitrosomonas were positively correlated with fast autotrophic kinetics, while Caulobacter and Ottowia were positively correlated with fast heterotrophic kinetics. Nitrobacter, Rhodanobacter, and Comamonas were positively correlated with fast autotrophic and heterotrophic kinetics.