Drivers' visual performance is closely related to traffic safety in a real driving environment. In order to improve the traffic safety of road tunnel lighting, the effect of LED lighting on human visual performance was investigated using reaction time as a parameter. The experiment was performed with a scale model that can simulate a road tunnel lighting environment. Reaction times were measured under different values of luminance, correlated colour temperature (CCT), eccentricity, and contrast. The results show that visual performance can be improved by increasing the CCT of the light sources. The improvement of visual performance is greater in peripheral vision than that in foveal vision. The shortest reaction times were measured at a luminance level of 10 cd/m(2) and at a CCT of 5000 K. An appropriate luminance value with high CCT is recommended for tunnel lighting in interior and transition zones.