Light Pollution, Circadian Photoreception, and Melatonin in Vertebrates

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Standard

Light Pollution, Circadian Photoreception, and Melatonin in Vertebrates. / Grubisic, Maja; Haim, Abraham; Bhusal, Pramod; Dominoni, Davide M.; Gabriel, Katharina M.A.; Jechow, Andreas; Kupprat, Franziska; Lerner, Amit; Marchant, Paul ; Riley, William; Stebelová, Katarína; Grunsven, Roy H. A. Van; Zeman, Michal; Zubidat, Abed ; Hölker, Franz.

julkaisussa: SUSTAINABILITY, Vuosikerta 11, 6400, 2019.

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Harvard

Grubisic, M, Haim, A, Bhusal, P, Dominoni, DM, Gabriel, KMA, Jechow, A, Kupprat, F, Lerner, A, Marchant, P, Riley, W, Stebelová, K, Grunsven, RHAV, Zeman, M, Zubidat, A & Hölker, F 2019, 'Light Pollution, Circadian Photoreception, and Melatonin in Vertebrates', SUSTAINABILITY, Vuosikerta. 11, 6400. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226400

APA

Grubisic, M., Haim, A., Bhusal, P., Dominoni, D. M., Gabriel, K. M. A., Jechow, A., ... Hölker, F. (2019). Light Pollution, Circadian Photoreception, and Melatonin in Vertebrates. SUSTAINABILITY, 11, [6400]. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226400

Vancouver

Author

Grubisic, Maja ; Haim, Abraham ; Bhusal, Pramod ; Dominoni, Davide M. ; Gabriel, Katharina M.A. ; Jechow, Andreas ; Kupprat, Franziska ; Lerner, Amit ; Marchant, Paul ; Riley, William ; Stebelová, Katarína ; Grunsven, Roy H. A. Van ; Zeman, Michal ; Zubidat, Abed ; Hölker, Franz. / Light Pollution, Circadian Photoreception, and Melatonin in Vertebrates. Julkaisussa: SUSTAINABILITY. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 11.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{346455b78c1e48a8baeed31698542b3a,
title = "Light Pollution, Circadian Photoreception, and Melatonin in Vertebrates",
abstract = "Artificial light at night (ALAN) is increasing exponentially worldwide, accelerated by the transition to new efficient lighting technologies. However, ALAN and resulting light pollution can cause unintended physiological consequences. In vertebrates, production of melatonin—the “hormone of darkness” and a key player in circadian regulation—can be suppressed by ALAN. In this paper, we provide an overview of research on melatonin and ALAN in vertebrates. We discuss how ALAN disrupts natural photic environments, its effect on melatonin and circadian rhythms, and different photoreceptor systems across vertebrate taxa. We then present the results of a systematic review in which we identified studies on melatonin under typical light-polluted conditions in fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, including humans. Melatonin is suppressed by extremely low light intensities in many vertebrates, ranging from 0.01–0.03 lx for fishes and rodents to 6 lx for sensitive humans. Even lower, wavelength-dependent intensities are implied by some studies and require rigorous testing in ecological contexts. In many studies, melatonin suppression occurs at the minimum light levels tested, and, in better-studied groups, melatonin suppression is reported to occur at lower light levels. We identify major research gaps and conclude that, for most groups, crucial information is lacking. No studies were identified for amphibians and reptiles and long-term impacts of low-level ALAN exposure are unknown. Given the high sensitivity of vertebrate melatonin production to ALAN and the paucity of available information, it is crucial to research impacts of ALAN further in order to inform effective mitigation strategies for human health and the wellbeing and fitness of vertebrates in natural ecosystems.",
keywords = "ALAN, Artificial light at night, Biological rhythm, Circadian rhythm, Melatonin",
author = "Maja Grubisic and Abraham Haim and Pramod Bhusal and Dominoni, {Davide M.} and Gabriel, {Katharina M.A.} and Andreas Jechow and Franziska Kupprat and Amit Lerner and Paul Marchant and William Riley and Katar{\'i}na Stebelov{\'a} and Grunsven, {Roy H. A. Van} and Michal Zeman and Abed Zubidat and Franz H{\"o}lker",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.3390/su11226400",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "SUSTAINABILITY",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",

}

RIS - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Light Pollution, Circadian Photoreception, and Melatonin in Vertebrates

AU - Grubisic, Maja

AU - Haim, Abraham

AU - Bhusal, Pramod

AU - Dominoni, Davide M.

AU - Gabriel, Katharina M.A.

AU - Jechow, Andreas

AU - Kupprat, Franziska

AU - Lerner, Amit

AU - Marchant, Paul

AU - Riley, William

AU - Stebelová, Katarína

AU - Grunsven, Roy H. A. Van

AU - Zeman, Michal

AU - Zubidat, Abed

AU - Hölker, Franz

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Artificial light at night (ALAN) is increasing exponentially worldwide, accelerated by the transition to new efficient lighting technologies. However, ALAN and resulting light pollution can cause unintended physiological consequences. In vertebrates, production of melatonin—the “hormone of darkness” and a key player in circadian regulation—can be suppressed by ALAN. In this paper, we provide an overview of research on melatonin and ALAN in vertebrates. We discuss how ALAN disrupts natural photic environments, its effect on melatonin and circadian rhythms, and different photoreceptor systems across vertebrate taxa. We then present the results of a systematic review in which we identified studies on melatonin under typical light-polluted conditions in fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, including humans. Melatonin is suppressed by extremely low light intensities in many vertebrates, ranging from 0.01–0.03 lx for fishes and rodents to 6 lx for sensitive humans. Even lower, wavelength-dependent intensities are implied by some studies and require rigorous testing in ecological contexts. In many studies, melatonin suppression occurs at the minimum light levels tested, and, in better-studied groups, melatonin suppression is reported to occur at lower light levels. We identify major research gaps and conclude that, for most groups, crucial information is lacking. No studies were identified for amphibians and reptiles and long-term impacts of low-level ALAN exposure are unknown. Given the high sensitivity of vertebrate melatonin production to ALAN and the paucity of available information, it is crucial to research impacts of ALAN further in order to inform effective mitigation strategies for human health and the wellbeing and fitness of vertebrates in natural ecosystems.

AB - Artificial light at night (ALAN) is increasing exponentially worldwide, accelerated by the transition to new efficient lighting technologies. However, ALAN and resulting light pollution can cause unintended physiological consequences. In vertebrates, production of melatonin—the “hormone of darkness” and a key player in circadian regulation—can be suppressed by ALAN. In this paper, we provide an overview of research on melatonin and ALAN in vertebrates. We discuss how ALAN disrupts natural photic environments, its effect on melatonin and circadian rhythms, and different photoreceptor systems across vertebrate taxa. We then present the results of a systematic review in which we identified studies on melatonin under typical light-polluted conditions in fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, including humans. Melatonin is suppressed by extremely low light intensities in many vertebrates, ranging from 0.01–0.03 lx for fishes and rodents to 6 lx for sensitive humans. Even lower, wavelength-dependent intensities are implied by some studies and require rigorous testing in ecological contexts. In many studies, melatonin suppression occurs at the minimum light levels tested, and, in better-studied groups, melatonin suppression is reported to occur at lower light levels. We identify major research gaps and conclude that, for most groups, crucial information is lacking. No studies were identified for amphibians and reptiles and long-term impacts of low-level ALAN exposure are unknown. Given the high sensitivity of vertebrate melatonin production to ALAN and the paucity of available information, it is crucial to research impacts of ALAN further in order to inform effective mitigation strategies for human health and the wellbeing and fitness of vertebrates in natural ecosystems.

KW - ALAN

KW - Artificial light at night

KW - Biological rhythm

KW - Circadian rhythm

KW - Melatonin

U2 - 10.3390/su11226400

DO - 10.3390/su11226400

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - SUSTAINABILITY

JF - SUSTAINABILITY

SN - 2071-1050

M1 - 6400

ER -

ID: 38637858