Lee-Yang theory and large deviation statistics of interacting many-body systems

Julkaisun otsikon käännös: Lee-Yang theory and large deviation statistics of interacting many-body systems

Tutkimustuotos: Doctoral ThesisCollection of Articles

Abstrakti

The collective behavior of large numbers of interacting particles may give rise to a phase transition. A continuing challenge is to identify the underlying principles of this phenomenon emerging in many important systems in nature and characterize the critical behavior of interacting many-body systems. In this thesis, we present a theoretical and methodological framework for predicting the phase properties of a macroscopic system based on the behavior of just a few of its constituents. To this end, we devise a direct pathway from the detection of partition function zeros by measuring or simulating fluctuating observables in systems of finite size to the characterization of criticality and large deviation statistics in interacting many-body systems. Our approach combines ideas and concepts from the finite-size scaling analysis with the Lee-Yang formalism and theories of high cumulants and large deviations, and it can be applied in a wide range of critical systems from physics, chemistry, and biology, both in theory and experiment. The thesis consists of four publications. In publications I and II, we report a novel method that makes it possible to extract the partition function zeros in interacting many-body systems of finite size solely from the fluctuations of thermodynamic observables without any prior knowledge of the partition function. To illustrate the feasibility of our approach, we use the Fisher zeros and their relation to the energy fluctuations as a tool for probing criticality in Ising models in two and three dimensions. In particular, we suggest an alternative way of extracting the universal critical exponents from measured fluctuations in finite-size systems away from the phase transition. In publications III and IV, we develop a scaling analysis of the partition function zeros to investigate the criticality in higher dimensions where the hyperscaling breaks down. We also show that even if the system does not exhibit a sharp phase transition, the partition function zeros carry important information about the large-deviation statistics of the system and its symmetry properties. To this end, we determine the rare magnetization fluctuations from the asymptotic behavior of the Lee-Yang zeros, i.e., from the Yang-Lee edge singularities. This finding may constitute a profound connection between Lee-Yang theory and large-deviation statistics.
Julkaisun otsikon käännösLee-Yang theory and large deviation statistics of interacting many-body systems
AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
PätevyysTohtorintutkinto
Myöntävä instituutio
  • Aalto-yliopisto
Valvoja/neuvonantaja
  • Flindt, Christian, Vastuuprofessori
Kustantaja
Painoksen ISBN978-952-64-0157-7
Sähköinen ISBN978-952-64-0158-4
TilaJulkaistu - 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiG5 Tohtorinväitöskirja (artikkeli)

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