Interevent Correlations from Avalanches Hiding Below the Detection Threshold

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

  • University of Oslo

Kuvaus

Numerous systems ranging from deformation of materials to earthquakes exhibit bursty dynamics, which consist of a sequence of events with a broad event size distribution. Very often these events are observed to be temporally correlated or clustered, evidenced by power-law-distributed waiting times separating two consecutive activity bursts. We show how such interevent correlations arise simply because of a finite detection threshold, created by the limited sensitivity of the measurement apparatus, or used to subtract background activity or noise from the activity signal. Data from crack-propagation experiments and numerical simulations of a nonequilibrium crack-line model demonstrate how thresholding leads to correlated bursts of activity by separating the avalanche events into subavalanches. The resulting temporal subavalanche correlations are well described by our general scaling description of thresholding-induced correlations in crackling noise.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli230601
Sivut1-6
JulkaisuPhysical Review Letters
Vuosikerta117
TilaJulkaistu - 1 joulukuuta 2016
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

Lataa tilasto

Ei tietoja saatavilla

ID: 9666924