Inorganic particulate matter in the lung tissue of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients reflects population density and fine particle levels

Kati Mäkelä*, Hely Ollila, Eva Sutinen, Vesa Vuorinen, Emilia Peltola, Riitta Kaarteenaho, Marjukka Myllärniemi

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

10 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
142 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lung disease with a dismal prognosis and an unknown etiology. Inorganic dust is a known risk factor, and air pollution seems to affect disease progression. We aimed to investigate inorganic particulate matter in IPF lung tissue samples. Using polarizing light microscopy, we examined coal dust pigment and inorganic particulate matter in 73 lung tissue samples from the FinnishlPF registry. We scored the amount of coal dust pigment and particulate matter from 0 to 5. Using energy dispersive spectrometry with a scanning electron microscope, we conducted an elemental analysis of six IPF lung tissue samples. We compared the results to the registry data, and to the population density and air quality data. To compare categorical data, we used Fisher's exact test; we estimated the survival of the patients with Kaplan-Meier curves. We found inorganic particulate matter in all samples in varying amounts. Samples from the southern regions of Finland, where population density and fine particle levels are high, more often had particulate matter scores from 3 to 5 than samples from the northern regions (31/50, 62.0% vs. 7/23, 30.4%, p = 0.02). The highest particulate matter scores of 4 and 5 (n = 15) associated with a known exposure to inorganic dust (p = 0.004). An association between particulate matter in the lung tissue of IPF patients and exposure to air pollution may exist.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut136-142
Sivumäärä7
JulkaisuANNALS OF DIAGNOSTIC PATHOLOGY
Vuosikerta40
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 kesäk. 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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