Streptomyces griseus strains isolated from indoor dust have been shown to synthesize valinomycin. In this report, we show that human peripheral blood lymphocytes treated with small doses (30 ng ml(-1)) of pure valinomycin or high-pressure liquid chromatography-pure valinomycin from S. griseus quickly show mitochondrial swelling and reduced NK cell activity, Larger doses (>100 ng/ml(-1)) induced NK cell apoptosis within 2 days. Within 2 h, the toxin at 100 ng ml(-1) dramatically inhibited interleukin-15 (IL-15)- and IL-18-induced granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) production by NK cells. However, IFN-gamma production induced by a combination of IL-15 and IL-18 was somewhat less sensitive to valinomycin, suggesting a protective effect of the cytokine combination against valinomycin. Thus, valinomycin in very small doses may profoundly alter the immune response by reducing NK cell cytotoxicity and cytokine production.
|Julkaisu||INFECTION AND IMMUNITY|
|Tila||Julkaistu - tammikuuta 2000|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|