Indoor climate and energy performance in nearly zero energy day care centers and school buildings

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/konferenssijulkaisussavertaisarvioitu



  • Tallinn University of Technology
  • Kouvola Innovation Oy
  • Sintef Building and Infrastructure


This study presents the assessment of actual indoor climate condition and energy performance in eight NZEB school and daycare centers of NERO H2020 project. Physical parameters such as indoor temperature, relative humidity, CO2, airflow rate and temperature were measured during heating and cooling seasons, in parallel with an occupants’ questionnaires survey. Besides, calculated and measured energy data was collected from energy performance certificates and energy bills. Thermal comfort and IAQ were assessed based on categories in EN15251 standard with color footprints. Results showed that all the buildings had good or excellent indoor climate during the heating season. However, a large percentage of occupied hours were categorized as category IV during the cooling season, which mainly occurred due to too low indoor temperature caused by the low outdoor temperature during the measurement period. Also, all buildings achieved low CO2 levels. Moreover, the conducted questionaries’ survey showed good correlation with measured results for all buildings except in one building, which had odor and noise problems. In contrast, the measured energy use in 5 buildings out of 7 was increased by factor 2.1-3.0 compared to calculated annual energy use due to a full-time operation of the ventilation system and presence of hot kitchens.


OtsikkoClima 2019
TilaJulkaistu - 13 elokuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisuussa
TapahtumaREHVA World Congress - Bucharest, Romania
Kesto: 26 toukokuuta 201929 toukokuuta 2019
Konferenssinumero: 13


NimiE3S web of conferences
KustantajaEDP Sciences
ISSN (painettu)2555-0403
ISSN (elektroninen)2267-1242


ConferenceREHVA World Congress

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