Individual in-situ calibration of insert headphones

Marko Hiipakka*

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliConference articleScientificvertaisarvioitu


An important procedure in binaural reproduction is the calibration of headphones, which is commonly achieved by first measuring the headphone transfer functions (HpTFs). The commonly used methods of measuring the HpTF are not applicable for insert headphones, since the inserts block the ear canal entrance and since the transducer ports of the inserts are inside the ear canals. Recently, an alternative technique of obtaining HpTFs of inserts using measurements with in-ear microphones, computational modeling, and electro-acoustic Norton-type source models of the inserts has been proposed. In this study, the technique is evaluated using measurements at the eardrums of six human subjects and computational modeling with normal human ear canal parameters. In addition, different methods of obtaining the electro-acoustic source model parameters are compared. It is shown that the most reliable method of obtaining the Norton source parameters of insert headphones is through measurements with a miniature-sized pressure-velocity sensor and several tubes with different cross-sectional diameters as acoustic loads. The evaluations show that the proposed technique of obtaining the HpTFs of insert headphones is accurate and reliable at least up to 10 kHz, which bolsters the applicability of the technique for individual in-situ calibration in binaural reproduction.

JulkaisuProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2013
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisuussa


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