Hybrid films of chitosan, cellulose nanofibrils and boric acid: Flame retardancy, optical and thermo-mechanical properties
Chitosan (CS), cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) and boric acid, the latter of which was used as flame retardant, were combined in transparent, hybrid films that were produced by solvent casting. The flammability and the thermal stability of the films were studied with respect to the loading of the inorganic component. Chitosan films displayed fire retardancy properties, which were enhanced in the presence of boric acid. CNF films, in contrast to those from chitosan, were readily flammable; however, when combined with boric acid (30 w%), they became self-extinguishing. Most remarkably, bicomponent films comprising CNF and chitosan, displayed better fire retardancy than that of neat CS films. Moreover, boric acid improved the thermal stability of the bicomponent films. The tensile strength and Young's modulus of CS, CNF and CS-CNF films improved at intermediate boric acid addition, although a negative effect on elongation was observed.
|Tila||Julkaistu - 1 joulukuuta 2017|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|