How much climate policy has cost for OECD countries?

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

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High economic cost of climate policy has attracted critical debate since the Kyoto Protocol. However, reliable empirical evidence of the abatement cost of green-house gases across countries remains scant. In this study we estimate the average yearly green-house gas abatement costs per capita for a panel of 28 OECD countries in years 1990–2015. The marginal abatement costs are estimated using a novel data-driven approach based on convex quantile regression. Compared to traditional frontier estimation methods, the quantile approach takes into account a broader set of abatement options and is more robust to inefficiency, noise, and heteroscedasticity in empirical data. The comparison of OECD countries shows that the actual abatement cost per capita has been very modest, much lower than predicted in the late 1990s. This result has profound policy implications, calling for more ambitious climate change mitigation strategy in the future.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivumäärä8
JulkaisuWORLD DEVELOPMENT
Vuosikerta125
TilaJulkaistu - 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

ID: 37072133