How building users can contribute to greenhouse-gas emission reductions in Finland: comparative study of standard technical measures, user modifications and behavioural measures

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkeli


  • M. K. Mattinen
  • P. Tainio
  • M Salo
  • Mikko Jalas

  • A. Nissinen
  • E. Heiskanen


  • Finnish Environm Inst, Freshwater Ctr
  • University of Helsinki


The residential sector is responsible for a considerable share of global greenhouse-gas emissions. In cold climates, space heating and energy-efficiency improvements are critical. Solutions can be off-the-shelf technologies, user modifications to adapt such technologies to local needs or behavioural measures. This paper conducts carbon footprint and profitability analyses of 20 such measures, including conventional technical measures, user modifications and behavioural changes in Finland. The study focuses on detached houses that have the most common heating system in the Finnish context-direct electricity, which is particularly problematic because it limits the options for improvement. The results show that the largest energy and emission savings resulted from heat pump installations and adding insulation to the roof. The most profitable measures were related to heat pumps. Some of the user modifications appeared promising in both respects.


JulkaisuEnergy Efficiency
TilaJulkaistu - huhtikuuta 2016
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

ID: 2017507