Single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) transparent conducting films (TCFs) are attracting increasing attention due to their exceptional optoelectronic properties. Toluene is a proposed carbon source for SWCNT synthesis, but the growth parameters of SWCNTs and their TCF optoelectronic performance (i.e., sheet resistance versus transmittance) have been insufficiently evaluated. Here, we have for the first time reported a systematic study of the fabrication of high-performance SWCNT TCFs using toluene alone as the carbon source. The mechanisms behind each observed phenomenon were elucidated using optical and microscopy techniques. By optimizing the growth parameters, high yields of SWCNT TCFs exhibiting a considerably low sheet resistance of 57 Ω/sq at 90% transmittance were obtained. This competitive optoelectronic performance is mainly attributable to long SWCNT bundles (mean length is 41.4 μm) in the film. Additionally, a chirality map determined by electron diffraction displays a bimodal distribution of chiral angles divided at 15°, which is close to both armchair and zigzag edges. Our study paved the way towards scaled-up production of SWCNTs for the fabrication of high-performance TCFs for industrial applications.