High concentration aqueous magnetic fluids: structure, colloidal stability, magnetic and flow properties

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu


  • Corina Vasilescu
  • M. Latikka
  • K. D. Knudsen
  • V. M. Garamus
  • V. Socoliuc
  • Rodica Turcu
  • Etelka Tombácz
  • Daniela Susan-Resiga
  • R. H.A. Ras
  • L. Vékás


  • Politehnica University of Timisoara
  • Romanian Academy
  • Institute for Energy Technology
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht - Centre for Materials and Coastal Research
  • National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies
  • University of Szeged
  • West University of Timisoara


This paper is an in-depth analysis devoted to two basic types of water based magnetic fluids (MFs), containing magnetite nanoparticles with electrostatic and with electro-steric stabilization, both obtained by chemical coprecipitation synthesis under atmospheric conditions. The two sets of magnetic fluid samples, one with citric acid (MF/CA) and the other with oleic acid (MF/OA) coated magnetic nanoparticles, respectively, achieved saturation magnetization values of 78.20 kA m−1 for the electrostatically and 48.73 kA m−1 for the electro-sterically stabilized aqueous ferrofluids which are among the highest reported to date. A comprehensive comparative analysis combining electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering, dynamic light scattering and magneto-rheometry revealed similarities and essential differences on the microscopic and macroscopic level between the two kinds of water-based ferrofluids. While the saturation magnetization values are quite different, the hydrodynamic volume fractions of the highest concentration MF/CA and MF/OA samples are practically the same, due to the significantly different thicknesses of the particles' coating layers. The results of volume fraction dependent structure analyses over a large concentration range by small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering, correlated with magneto-rheological investigations for the electrostatically stabilized MFs, demonstrate formation of short chains of magnetic nanoparticles which are relatively stable against coagulation with increasing concentration, while for MFs with electro-steric stabilization, magnetic field and shear rate dependent loosely bound structures are observed. These particle structures in MF/OA samples manifest themselves already at low volume fraction values, which can be attributed mainly to magnetic interactions of larger size particles, besides non-magnetic interactions mediated by excess surfactant.


JulkaisuSoft Matter
TilaJulkaistu - 1 tammikuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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