Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) biosensors are widely used for real-time label-free detection in medical diagnostics, pharmaceutical researches and food safety. Although there is a growing interest in miniaturization of biosensors for self-detection and diagnostics at out of laboratory, the performance of conventional metal SPR sensors is still limited. In this paper, we propose graphene–MoS 2 – metal hybrid structures based plasmon sensors under the best minimum light intensity approach, which represents the performance analysis in case of the lowest reflected light strength. It is demonstrated that the metal thickness can be reduced from 55 nm to 32 nm and 37 nm meanwhile the performance of the background sensor can be improved by 87% and 13% with the 4 additional MoS2 and graphene layers, respectively. We show that MoS2 based SPR devices provide much better sensitivity performance than graphene based devices. Our results reveal the another promising property of MoS2: The sensitivity of SPR sensors can be greatly increased with a few number of MoS2 within the angular SPR system while reducing the size of the device, especially for particular applications such as detecting a single molecule and biosensing at low biomolecule concentration. Furthermore, we show that the equivalent optical properties of multilayered nanostructures also depend on the layer thickness which is a novel knowledge for the next studies on 2D material based SPR plasmonic devices.