# Global Estimates of Errors in Quantum Computation by the Feynman–Vernon Formalism

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkeli

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**Global Estimates of Errors in Quantum Computation by the Feynman–Vernon Formalism.** / Aurell, Erik.

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkeli

### Harvard

*Journal of Statistical Physics*, Vuosikerta. 171, Nro 5, Sivut 745–767. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10955-018-2037-6

### APA

*Journal of Statistical Physics*,

*171*(5), 745–767. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10955-018-2037-6

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### Bibtex - Lataa

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### RIS - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global Estimates of Errors in Quantum Computation by the Feynman–Vernon Formalism

AU - Aurell, Erik

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The operation of a quantum computer is considered as a general quantum operation on a mixed state on many qubits followed by a measurement. The general quantum operation is further represented as a Feynman–Vernon double path integral over the histories of the qubits and of an environment, and afterward tracing out the environment. The qubit histories are taken to be paths on the two-sphere (Formula presented.) as in Klauder’s coherent-state path integral of spin, and the environment is assumed to consist of harmonic oscillators initially in thermal equilibrium, and linearly coupled to to qubit operators (Formula presented.). The environment can then be integrated out to give a Feynman–Vernon influence action coupling the forward and backward histories of the qubits. This representation allows to derive in a simple way estimates that the total error of operation of a quantum computer without error correction scales linearly with the number of qubits and the time of operation. It also allows to discuss Kitaev’s toric code interacting with an environment in the same manner.

AB - The operation of a quantum computer is considered as a general quantum operation on a mixed state on many qubits followed by a measurement. The general quantum operation is further represented as a Feynman–Vernon double path integral over the histories of the qubits and of an environment, and afterward tracing out the environment. The qubit histories are taken to be paths on the two-sphere (Formula presented.) as in Klauder’s coherent-state path integral of spin, and the environment is assumed to consist of harmonic oscillators initially in thermal equilibrium, and linearly coupled to to qubit operators (Formula presented.). The environment can then be integrated out to give a Feynman–Vernon influence action coupling the forward and backward histories of the qubits. This representation allows to derive in a simple way estimates that the total error of operation of a quantum computer without error correction scales linearly with the number of qubits and the time of operation. It also allows to discuss Kitaev’s toric code interacting with an environment in the same manner.

KW - Feynman–Vernon method

KW - Noisy quantum computing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045652738&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10955-018-2037-6

DO - 10.1007/s10955-018-2037-6

M3 - Article

VL - 171

SP - 745

EP - 767

JO - Journal of Statistical Physics

JF - Journal of Statistical Physics

SN - 0022-4715

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 19234575