Exploring Vision-Based Techniques for Outdoor Positioning Systems: A Feasibility Study

M. Song, Z. Ou, E. Castellanos, Tuomas Ylipiha, T. Kämäräinen, M. Siekkinen, A. Ylä-Jääski, P. Hui

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

8 Sitaatiot (Scopus)


Recent advances from wearables have significantly changed the way how humans communicate with the surrounding environment. To some extent, they have extended and augmented the capability of humans. For example, with a Google Glass, people can take pictures simply by winking eyes twice, which releases human hands from the cumbersome image-taking process. Thus, it enables new application scenarios that were not possible before. In this paper, we investigate utilizing vision-based techniques to provide a wearable positioning system. Specifically, we propose a Human-centric Positioning System (HoPS) that utilizes traffic signposts together with context information for real-time positioning. Towards that direction, we make three primary contributions: (1) we make several important observations that guide our design of HoPS system; for example, we find out that approximately 40 percent of traffic signposts monopolize a cell tower, and there are at most six signposts within the coverage of a single cell tower; (2) we investigate the impact factors of object detection success rate, and find its correlation with image quality, and resolution; and (3) we design and implement HoPS and an advanced version of HoPS based on additional context information from Wi-Fi network, which we name HoPS-WiFi. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of HoPS, especially HoPS-WiFi, which can estimate the relevant location correctly within 1.3 seconds.
JulkaisuIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu


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