Experimental investigation and techno-economic analysis of tetramethylammonium hydroxide removal from wastewater in nano-electronics manufacturing via membrane distillation

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Xzero AB
  • IMEC Vzw

Kuvaus

In nano-electronics manufacturing, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) is extensively used in the photo-lithography and etching processes, leading to a waste disposal issue. The present study focuses on TMAH wastewater treatment in nano-electronics industries by using membrane distillation technology. Actual TMAH wastewater samples were collected at imec, Belgium. An air gap membrane distillation bench unit was employed to perform the experiments for different operating conditions i.e., feed temperatures and flow rates. High quality water is recovered after reducing the TMAH concentration to 1 ppm and lowering the TOC to 0.8 ppm from 8 ppm. For the industrial scale TMAH wastewater treatment, industrial waste heat driven and district heating driven membrane distillation systems are designed and analyzed. It is determined that 14 GWh thermal energy is required annually to treat 20,000 m 3 of TMAH wastewater/year while considering 65 °C as the membrane distillation feed temperature. Expected unit water treatment cost is found as low as 16 $/m 3 of TMAH wastewater, roughly 80% lower than current disposal costs.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut283-293
Sivumäärä11
JulkaisuJournal of Membrane Science
Vuosikerta579
TilaJulkaistu - 1 kesäkuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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