Evolution of the proton ring current energy distribution during 21-25 April 2001 storm

N. Y. Ganushkina*, T. I. Pulkkinen, A. Milillo, M. Liemohn

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Three ring current models are used to follow the evolution of the proton ring current during the 2001-04-21-25 storm: The ring current model combined with tracing particles numerically in the drift approximation by Ganushkina et al. (2005), the empirical model of proton fluxes in the inner magnetosphere developed by Milillo et al. (2003), and the kinetic ring current-atmosphere interaction model (RAM) by Liemohn et al. (2001). The paper focuses on the effects of the electric and magnetic field models and initial particle distributions on the final energy distribution. We examine a variety of large-scale magnetic field and convection electric field models as well as substorm-associated, smaller-scale, and time-varying electric fields. We find that (1) using more realistic magnetic field models leads to reduction of the ring current energy content by similar to 30%; (2) details of the global convection field have little influence on the overall ring current evolution; (3) smaller-scale impulsive electric field have profound effects on the ring current evolution, particularly with regard to the acceleration of the higher-energy particles; and (4) in the ring current models, the choice of the initial and boundary conditions have significant effects on the modeled ring current intensity and energy spectrum.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
ArtikkeliARTN A11S08
Sivumäärä15
JulkaisuJournal of Geophysical Research
Vuosikerta111
NumeroA11
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 11 lokakuuta 2006
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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