Emergent magnetic monopole dynamics in macroscopically degenerate artificial spin ice

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkeli


  • Alan Farhan
  • Michael Saccone
  • Charlotte F. Petersen
  • Scott Dhuey
  • Rajesh V. Chopdekar
  • Yen Lin Huang
  • Noah Kent
  • Zuhuang Chen
  • Mikko Alava

  • Thomas Lippert
  • Andreas Scholl
  • Sebastiaan van Dijken


  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Paul Scherrer Institute
  • University of California at Santa Cruz
  • University of Innsbruck
  • University of California at Berkeley
  • Harbin Institute of Technology
  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich


Magnetic monopoles, proposed as elementary particles that act as isolated magnetic south and north poles, have long attracted research interest as magnetic analogs to electric charge. In solid-state physics, a classical analog to these elusive particles has emerged as topological excitations within pyrochlore spin ice systems. We present the first real-time imaging of emergent magnetic monopole motion in a macroscopically degenerate artificial spin ice system consisting of thermally activated Ising-type nanomagnets lithographically arranged onto a pre-etched silicon substrate. A real-space characterization of emergent magnetic monopoles within the framework of Debye-Hückel theory is performed, providing visual evidence that these topological defects act like a plasma of Coulomb-type magnetic charges. In contrast to vertex defects in a purely two-dimensional artificial square ice, magnetic monopoles are free to evolve within a divergence-free vacuum, a magnetic Coulomb phase, for which features in the form of pinch-point singularities in magnetic structure factors are observed.


JulkaisuScience Advances
TilaJulkaistu - 8 helmikuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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