Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) have emerged as sustainable options for a wide range of applications. However, the high aspect ratio and biopersistence of CNFs raise concerns about potential health effects. Here, we evaluated the in vivo pulmonary and systemic toxicity of unmodified (U-CNF), carboxymethylated (C-CNF), and TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-1-oxyl)-oxidized (T-CNF) CNFs, fibrillated in the same way and administered to mice by repeated (3x) pharyngeal aspiration (14, 28, and 56 mu g/ mouse/aspiration). Toxic effects were assessed up to 90 days after the last administration. Some mice were treated with T-CNF samples spiked with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 0.02- 50 ng/mouse/aspiration) to assess the role of endotoxin contamination. The CNFs induced an acute infammatory reaction that subsided within 90 days, except for T-CNF. At 90 days post-administration, an increased DNA damage was observed in bronchoalveolar lavage and hepatic cells after exposure to T-CNF and C-CNF, respectively. Besides, LPS contamination dose-dependently increased the hepatic genotoxic effects of T-CNF.
SormenjälkiSukella tutkimusaiheisiin 'Effect of Surface Modification on the Pulmonary and Systemic Toxicity of Cellulose Nanofibrils'. Ne muodostavat yhdessä ainutlaatuisen sormenjäljen.
- 1 Aktiivinen
BioELCell: Bioproducts Engineered from Lignocelluloses: from plants and upcycling to next generation materials
Majoinen, J., Rojas Gaona, O., Dufau Mattos, B., Klockars, K., Abidnejad, R., Garcia Greca, L., Bhattarai, M., Ajdary, R., Johansson, L., Zhu, Y., Zhao, B., Ressouche, E., Tardy, B., Robertson, D., Kämäräinen, T. & Reyes Torres, G.
30/07/2018 → 31/07/2023
Projekti: EU: ERC grants