Effect of Feedback and Variation on Inspection Reliability

Iikka Virkkunen, Jonne Haapalainen, Suvi Papula, Teemu Sarikka, Juha Kotamies, Hannu Hänninen

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/konferenssijulkaisussaConference contributionProfessional

37 Lataukset (Pure)


The reliability of Non-destructive testing (NDT) is an on-going challenge. The consequences of failed inspections can be dire, and thus the requirements for NDT reliability are very high. The work is technically demanding and requires skilled use of the available equipment and keen judgement to properly discern flaw signals from noise. Somewhat paradoxically, the work is also very tedious and repetitive. Most of the inspected targets do not contain any flaws but the inspectors need to be constantly alert for the possibility. The recent studies on human factors have brought advances in (among other things) improved readability of inspection procedures and procedures of reviews and redundant inspections widely used in order to improve overall inspection reliability.
In present paper, the effect of feedback and variation on inspector performance is studied. To test this, a small empirical study was completed. An online tool was created with a simplified UT set-up: B-scan image of the data and software gain control and tools to indicate cracks with point and click. The system generates random flawed data images on the fly. The user then analyses the images and indicates found flaws by clicking them. After 150 images have been analysed (many of them without flaws), the system uses the provided hits and misses to compute a POD curve and confidence bounds using standard (ASTM E2862) techniques. Additional "learning" version of the tool was created. In this "learning mode", after user requests next image, the system shows results of the current images (i.e. hits, misses and false calls in the current image). This set-up provides the inspector with direct feedback of his success and better facilitates learning this particular inspection task. The tool was presented to a small group of 9 inspectors in level-III inspector training and results were gathered from trainees both before and after training (and with and without feedback).
The results from this small group of inspectors indicated, that the direct feedback on achieved reliability can quickly improve POD values. However, the study group was small and thus the results need further investigation and confirmation.
Otsikko7th European-American Workshop on Reliability of NDE
TilaJulkaistu - 1 joulukuuta 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiD3 Ammatillisen konferenssin julkaisusarja
TapahtumaEuropean-American Workshop on Reliability of NDE - Potsdam, Saksa
Kesto: 4 syyskuuta 20177 syyskuuta 2017
Konferenssinumero: 7


WorkshopEuropean-American Workshop on Reliability of NDE

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  • Siteeraa tätä

    Virkkunen, I., Haapalainen, J., Papula, S., Sarikka, T., Kotamies, J., & Hänninen, H. (2017). Effect of Feedback and Variation on Inspection Reliability. teoksessa 7th European-American Workshop on Reliability of NDE