Dissociative adsorption of O2 on negatively charged nitrogen-doped single-walled carbon nanotubes: First-principles calculations

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

Kuvaus

Spin unrestricted density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been used to investigate the molecular and dissociative adsorption of O2 on achiral substitutional nitrogen-doped single-walled carbon nanotubes (N-SWNTs) with and without additional charges. Adsorption (dissociation) of O2 on the charged tubes is quite complex. The N-SWNTs with an additional electron with different orientations exhibit different behaviors. The armchair N-SWNTs carrying an extra electron have lower chemisorption (up to 0.6 eV) and reaction (up to 1.2 eV) energies for O2 compared to the corresponding neutral N-SWNTs. For (10, 10) N-SWNTs, the dissociation barrier decreases from 1.36 eV (in neutral) to 0.76 eV (in negatively charged). The reactivity of the armchair N-SWNTs with low nitrogen content can be increased by adding extra electrons. For the metallic zigzag N-SWNTs, an additional electron affects the O2 adsorption and dissociation marginally. However, negatively charged zigzag N-SWNTs, which are semiconducting when un-doped, have significantly lower O2 adsorption, reaction and dissociation barrier energies than the neutral N-SWNTs. We also studied the molecular and dissociative adsorption of O2 on (10, 10) single-walled nanotubes doped with two substitutional nitrogen atoms (N2-SWNTs), as a function of extra charge. The chemisorption and reaction energies decrease linearly with the increasing number of extra electrons. The barrier for O2 dissociation on N2-SWNTs is found to increase with the increasing number of additional electrons. Our results point out that the dissociative adsorption of an oxygen molecule on N-SWNTs depends on many parameters: curvature, chirality, and charge. The effect of additional charge on the reactivity of the N-doped SWNTs is rather independent of the tube diameter, but depends on the tube orientation.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut84155-84163
Sivumäärä9
JulkaisuRSC Advances
Vuosikerta6
Numero87
TilaJulkaistu - 2016
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

Lataa tilasto

Ei tietoja saatavilla

ID: 10373536