Design of Near-Field Beamforming for Large Intelligent Surfaces

Sha Hu*, Hao Wang, Mehmet C. Ilter

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

In this paper, we propose a novel three-dimensional (3D) near-field beamforming (BF) design for Large Intelligent Surface (LIS). We firstly investigate the definitions of near-field and far-field of LIS, and derive the Fresnel near-field region where amplitudes variations are negligible but only phase variations worsen the harvested array-gains. We show that the Fresnel region which covers the majority part of near-field, can be enlarged by a factor of four when considering possible imperfectness from a conventional two-dimensional (2D) far-field BF. Therefore, it is of interest to design an analog 3D-BF that can recover array-gain losses in this region. Secondly, with a decomposition theorem we show that the optimal 3D-BF can be decomposed into a 2D far-field BF and a one-dimensional (1D) near-field BF. The 2D far-field BF compensates phase variations from mismatches in the azimuth and elevation angles, while the 1D near-field BF compensates remaining phases variations caused by distance differences from a user-equipment (UE) to different antenna-elements on LIS. Such a proposed '2D+1D' BF design reduces codebook-size significantly and is compatible with the existing far-field BF in the fifth-generation new-radio (5G-NR) system. Thirdly, we analyze an optimal codebook design for the 1D near-field BF, and show that with a small codebook it can perform close to optimal. Numerical results verify that the proposal is effective to recover array-gains in the near-field of LIS.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut762-774
Sivumäärä13
JulkaisuIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Vuosikerta23
Numero1
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 9 tammik. 2024
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

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