Design and validation of an airflow management system in data center with tilted server placement

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Design and validation of an airflow management system in data center with tilted server placement. / Yuan, Xiaolei; Xu, Xinjie; Wang, Yu; Liu, Jinxiang; Kosonen, Risto; Cai, Hao.

julkaisussa: Applied Thermal Engineering, Vuosikerta 164, 114444, 05.01.2020.

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

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Yuan, Xiaolei ; Xu, Xinjie ; Wang, Yu ; Liu, Jinxiang ; Kosonen, Risto ; Cai, Hao. / Design and validation of an airflow management system in data center with tilted server placement. Julkaisussa: Applied Thermal Engineering. 2020 ; Vuosikerta 164.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{3b1b5fe5054940f38c90e9207d7a004c,
title = "Design and validation of an airflow management system in data center with tilted server placement",
abstract = "An innovative airflow optimisation method applying tilted servers was introduced to improve the airflow distribution and cooling efficiency in data centers. The numerical data center model was established and simulated by Airpak 3.0 packages and validated with on-site measurements in Nanjing, China. In the analysis, different server inclination angles and different heat load levels were simulated. The simulation model is validated well with the on-site experimental results. The results show that the performance of airflow distribution and cooling efficiency can be improved with the application of 15° and 30° tilted servers, while the optimum thermal environment is achieved when the angle of servers is set to 30°. When the heat load of rack is 32 kW, the maximum temperature reduces by 3.3 °C when the 30° tilted servers are used instead of 0° tilted servers. That decreases significantly the temperature of rack hotspots and thus prevents local hotspots. Moreover, the heat transfer from the rack is at least 5.7{\%} more efficient with the rack applying 30° tilted servers compared with the 0° tilted servers in all cases with different heat load. The heat transfer even improved 10{\%} when the heat load is 32 kW in each rack.",
keywords = "Airflow management, Data centers, Local hotspot, Rack hotspot, Temperature distribution, Tilted servers",
author = "Xiaolei Yuan and Xinjie Xu and Yu Wang and Jinxiang Liu and Risto Kosonen and Hao Cai",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114444",
language = "English",
volume = "164",
journal = "Applied Thermal Engineering",
issn = "1359-4311",

}

RIS - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Design and validation of an airflow management system in data center with tilted server placement

AU - Yuan, Xiaolei

AU - Xu, Xinjie

AU - Wang, Yu

AU - Liu, Jinxiang

AU - Kosonen, Risto

AU - Cai, Hao

PY - 2020/1/5

Y1 - 2020/1/5

N2 - An innovative airflow optimisation method applying tilted servers was introduced to improve the airflow distribution and cooling efficiency in data centers. The numerical data center model was established and simulated by Airpak 3.0 packages and validated with on-site measurements in Nanjing, China. In the analysis, different server inclination angles and different heat load levels were simulated. The simulation model is validated well with the on-site experimental results. The results show that the performance of airflow distribution and cooling efficiency can be improved with the application of 15° and 30° tilted servers, while the optimum thermal environment is achieved when the angle of servers is set to 30°. When the heat load of rack is 32 kW, the maximum temperature reduces by 3.3 °C when the 30° tilted servers are used instead of 0° tilted servers. That decreases significantly the temperature of rack hotspots and thus prevents local hotspots. Moreover, the heat transfer from the rack is at least 5.7% more efficient with the rack applying 30° tilted servers compared with the 0° tilted servers in all cases with different heat load. The heat transfer even improved 10% when the heat load is 32 kW in each rack.

AB - An innovative airflow optimisation method applying tilted servers was introduced to improve the airflow distribution and cooling efficiency in data centers. The numerical data center model was established and simulated by Airpak 3.0 packages and validated with on-site measurements in Nanjing, China. In the analysis, different server inclination angles and different heat load levels were simulated. The simulation model is validated well with the on-site experimental results. The results show that the performance of airflow distribution and cooling efficiency can be improved with the application of 15° and 30° tilted servers, while the optimum thermal environment is achieved when the angle of servers is set to 30°. When the heat load of rack is 32 kW, the maximum temperature reduces by 3.3 °C when the 30° tilted servers are used instead of 0° tilted servers. That decreases significantly the temperature of rack hotspots and thus prevents local hotspots. Moreover, the heat transfer from the rack is at least 5.7% more efficient with the rack applying 30° tilted servers compared with the 0° tilted servers in all cases with different heat load. The heat transfer even improved 10% when the heat load is 32 kW in each rack.

KW - Airflow management

KW - Data centers

KW - Local hotspot

KW - Rack hotspot

KW - Temperature distribution

KW - Tilted servers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072697779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114444

DO - 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114444

M3 - Article

VL - 164

JO - Applied Thermal Engineering

JF - Applied Thermal Engineering

SN - 1359-4311

M1 - 114444

ER -

ID: 37468971