L-band (1-2 GHz) radiometry has been an ongoing research topic in the Department of Radio Science and Engineering for a number of years. In addition to remote sensing and radioastronomy applications, a radiometer can be used for detecting unwanted radio emissions in a protected frequency band. A frequency scanning radiometer (FIRaL) for detecting radio interference at the frequency interval of 1920 – 1980 MHz is designed and realised in this Licentiate thesis work. The aforementioned frequency band is reserved for mobile communication applications. The theory of radiometry is presented to the necessary extent in order to facilitate the FIRaL radiometer design. The design of the receiver and local oscillator electronics and pyramidal horn antenna is presented. Radiometer performance is studied by measuring the relevant device parameters in laboratory conditions. The feasibility of the radiometer to perform real-world interference surveys is tested by on-site measurements. The realised radiometer receiver input noise temperature is 661 ± 58 K or better. The radiometer is deemed suitable for interference measurements. The preliminary on-site measurements suggests that further measurements are feasible in order to study the extent of radio emissions in the 1920 – 1980 MHz mobile communications band.
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2010|