We studied the surface and microstructure of cellulose acetate (CA) films to tailor their barrier and mechanical properties for application in electrochromic devices (ECDs). Cross-linking of CA was carried out with pyromellitic dianhydride to enhance the properties relative to unmodified CA: solvent resistance (by 43% in acetone and 37% in DMSO), strength (by 91% for tensile at break), and barrier (by 65% to oxygen and 92% to water vapor). Surface modification via tetraethyl orthosilicate and octyltrichlorosilane endowed the films with hydrophobicity, stiffness, and further enhanced solvent resistance. A detailed comparison of structural, chemical, surface, and thermal properties was performed by using X-ray diffraction, dynamic mechanical analyses, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. Coplanar ECDs were synthesized by incorporating a hydrogel electrolyte comprising TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibrils and an ionic liquid. When applied as the top layer in the ECDs, cross-linked and hydrophobized CA films extended the functionality of the assembled displays. The results indicate excellent prospects for CA films in achieving environmental-friendly ECDs that can replace poly(ethylene terephthalate)-based counterparts.
SormenjälkiSukella tutkimusaiheisiin 'Cross-linked and surface-modified cellulose acetate as a cover layer for paper-based electrochromic devices'. Ne muodostavat yhdessä ainutlaatuisen sormenjäljen.
01/05/2018 → 31/12/2022
Projekti: Academy of Finland: Other research funding
INNPAPER: Innovative and Smart Printed Electronics based on Multifunctionalized Paper: from Smart Labelling to Point of Care Bioplatforms
01/01/2018 → 31/12/2021
Projekti: EU: Framework programmes funding