Convolutional networks can model the functional modulation of MEG responses during reading

Marijn van Vliet, Oona Rinkinen, Takao Shimizu, Anni-Mari Niskanen, Barry Devereux, Riitta Salmelin

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu


Neuroimaging studies have provided a wealth of information about when and where changes in brain activity might be expected during reading. We sought to better understand the computational steps that give rise to such task-related modulations of neural activity by using a convolutional neural network to model the macro-scale computations necessary to perform single-word recognition. We presented the model with stimuli that had been shown to human volunteers in an earlier magnetoencephalography (meg) experiment and evaluated whether the same experimental effects could be observed in both brain activity and model. In a direct comparison between model and meg recordings, the model accurately predicted the amplitude changes of three evoked meg response components commonly observed during single-word reading. In contrast to traditional models of reading, our model directly operates on the pixel values of an image containing text. This allowed us to simulate the whole gamut of processing from the detection and segmentation of letter shapes to word-form identification, with the deep learning architecture facilitating inclusion of a large vocabulary of 10k Finnish words. Interestingly, the key to achieving the desired behavior was to use a noisy activation function for the units in the model as well as to obey word frequency statistics when repeating stimuli during training. We conclude that the deep learning techniques that revolutionized models of object recognition can also create models of reading that can be straightforwardly compared to neuroimaging data, which will greatly facilitate testing and refining theories on language processing in the brain.
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä30 toukok. 2024
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