Concepts and type building for carbon neutral construction in arctic Finland based on tradition

Sirje Vares, Panu Savolainen, Tarja Häkkinen, Jari Shemeikka, Marko Huttunen, Laura Zubillaga

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/konferenssijulkaisussaConference contributionScientificvertaisarvioitu

1 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
23 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

This paper discusses traditional solutions for carbon neutral construction in arctic conditions. We considerthat vernacular architecture forms an important source of knowledge to resource-wise, energy-efficient and sustainable ways to organize human dwellings and settlements. The key tasks of our research were to (1) identify the factors of traditional arctic construction that have an impact to sustainability and carbon-neutrality of arctic building and to (2) develop and assess a type building for arctic districts (Finland), based on traditional solutions, that fulfills the functional prerequisites for modern living comfort and energy requirements. The study is based on literature, fieldwork and Life Cycle Assessment calculations for the theoretical case. The life cycle assessment includes greenhouse gas emissions and carbon storage in timber and bio-based materials. Energy usage follows the principles of carbon neutrality. Wooden products used inthe construction store biogenic carbon from the product stage to the building demolition stage. The case study calculations showed that operational energy demand could be fulfilled with the use of solar PV, solar collectors, ground source energy and district-scale wind energy supply. Results show that the biogenic carbon content is more than enough to offset the emissions from building materials and renewable energy technologies needed for operating the building. The research was funded by the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
OtsikkoIOP conference series
AlaotsikkoEarth and environmental science
KustantajaIOP Publishing
Sivut1-5
Sivumäärä5
Vuosikerta588
Painos2
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 20 marraskuuta 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisuussa
TapahtumaWorld Sustainable Built Environment Conference - Gothenburg, Ruotsi
Kesto: 2 marraskuuta 20204 marraskuuta 2020

Julkaisusarja

NimiIOP Conference series : Earth and Environmental Science
KustantajaIOP Publishing
ISSN (painettu)1755-1307
ISSN (elektroninen)1755-1315

Conference

ConferenceWorld Sustainable Built Environment Conference
LyhennettäWSBE
Maa/AlueRuotsi
KaupunkiGothenburg
Ajanjakso02/11/202004/11/2020

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